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保护摄影与图片作品,《著作权法》是如何规定的



YUANBIAOTI:BAOHUSHEYINGYUTUPIANZUOPIN,《ZHUZUOQUANFA》SHIRUHEGUIDINGDE

  

保护摄影与图片作品,《著作权法》是如何规定的

  XIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGWOMENYUDAODEDALIANGZHAOPIANHETUPIANDOUSHUYUDULICHUANGZUODEZHILICHENGGUO。SUIRANPAISHESHIZAIJIEZHUXIANGJIJILUKEGUANSHIWU,DANZHEIYIGUOCHENGWANGWANGWEIPAISHEZHELIUXIALEZHANSHIQIGEXINGHECHUANGZAOLIDEKONGJIAN,SHISHOUDAOWOGUO《ZHUZUOQUANFA》BAOHUDE。

  并非所有的照片都属于摄影作品

  ZHAOPIANSHIZUOPINMA?

  SHOUXIAN,BUTONGDEPAISHEZHEZAIDUITONGYIJINGWUHUORENWUJINXINGPAISHESHI,KEYIDUIPAISHEJIAODU、JULI、GUANGXIANMINGANDENGYINSUJINXINGFUYOUGEXINGHUADEXUANZE,SHIYOUCIXINGCHENGDEYINGXIANGJUYOUDUTEDEXIAOGUO。QICI,PAISHEZHEKEYIYUNYONGZIJIDEPANDUANLI,JIMINERZHUNQUEDIBUZHUOSHAOZONGJISHIDECHANGJING,SHIYINGXIANGTIXIAN“SHUNJIANDEYISHU”。ZUIHOU,PAISHEZHEHAIKEYIDUIBEIPAISHEDECHANGJINGHUORENWUJINXINGDUJUJIANGXINDEANPAI,RUYAOQIUBEIPAISHEZHEBAICHUTEDINGDEZISHI、XIANXIANTEDINGDEBIAOQING,WEIBEIPAISHEZHEXUANZEFUZHUANGHEDAOJUDENG,SHIYINGXIANGZAINEIRONGSHANGJUYOUDUTEDEBIAOXIANLI。ZHENGSHIYOUYUSHEYINGTONGCHANGSHIZHILICHUANGZAODEJIEJING,TIXIANLEPAISHEZHEXIANMINGDEGEXING,YONGYOU177GECHENGYUANGUODE《BAOHUWENXUEYISHUZUOPINBOERNIGONGYUE》HEWOGUO《ZHUZUOQUANFA》JUNGUIDINGLE“SHEYINGZUOPIN”ZHEIYIZUOPINLEIXING。

  DANGRAN,BINGFEISUOYOUDEZHAOPIANDOUSHUYUSHEYINGZUOPIN。RUSHIZILUKOUSHANGFANGDEJIANKONGTANTOU(“DIANZIJINGCHA”)ZAICHELIANGWEIZHANGBIANDAODESHUNJIANZHUAPAIDEZHAOPIAN,BINGFEIRENDECHUANGZUOCHENGGUO,DANGRANBUSHUYUSHEYINGZUOPIN。

  TONGSHI,XIANGJIJIKEYIYONGYUCHUANGZUO,YEKEYIYONGYUFUZHI。WEIZHENSHIZAIXIANWENJIANHUOQITAZHAOPIANHUOPINGMIANMEISHUZUOPINERJINXINGDECHUNCUIFANPAIBINGBUSHEJIZHILICHUANGZUO,YEBUNENGXINGCHENGSHEYINGZUOPIN。RUCHUYUBAOCUNBANBENYUJINGQUEZAIXIANDEMUDEJIANGTARENYOUHUAPAISHECHENGZHAOPIAN,JIUBUNENGCHANSHENGSHEYINGZUOPIN。WOGUOFAYUANYECENGRENDINGPAISHEKONGJUNMOUFEIXINGBIAOYANDUIDUIHUIXINGCHENGDEZHAOPIANJINSHIDUIGAIDUIHUIDEJIANDANFUZHI,BINGWEITIXIANCHUPAISHEZHEDEDUCHUANGXING,BUNENGRENDINGWEIZUOPIN。

  NEIME,SHEYINGZUOPINDEZHUZUOQUANYOUSHEIXIANGYOU?

  SHEYINGZUOPINDEZHUZUOQUANTONGCHANGGUISHUYUCHUANGZUOSHEYINGZUOPINDEGONGMIN,JIPAISHEZHE。DANZUOWEIDANWEIYUANGONGDEPAISHEZHEWEIWANCHENGGONGZUORENWUSUOCHUANGZUODESHEYINGZUOPINSHUYUZHIWUZUOPIN,RUBAOSHEDEJIZHEWEIWANCHENGBAODAORENWUJIUXINWENSHIJIANSUOPAISHEDEZHAOPIANJIUSHIZHIWUZUOPIN。DANWEIKEYITONGGUOYUYUANGONGJINXINGHETONGYUEDING,QUDEGAISHEYINGZUOPINCHUSHUMINGQUANZHIWAIDEQITAZHUZUOQUAN。RUGUOMEIYOUHETONGYUEDING,ZEPAISHEZUOPINDEZHUZUOQUANRENGRANGUISHUYUPAISHEZHE,DANDANWEIZAILIANGNIANNEIYOUZAIYEWUFANWEINEIDEYOUXIANSHIYONGQUAN。LIRU,BAOSHEJIZHEZAIBAOSHEMEIYOUYUEDINGSHEYINGZUOPINZHUZUOQUANGUISHUDEQINGKUANGXIA,DUIZAIGONGZUOZHONGCHUANGZUODESHEYINGZUOPINXIANGYOUZHUZUOQUAN,ZHISHILIANGNIANZHINEIBUNENGXUKETARENYIYUBAOSHEXIANGTONGDEFANGSHISHIYONGGAISHEYINGZUOPIN。

  PAISHEZHESHOUTARENSUOTUOPAISHEDESHEYINGZUOPINZESHUYUWEITUOZUOPIN,ZHUZUOQUANKEYOUSHUANGFANGTONGGUOHETONGYUEDING。RUGUOMEIYOUYUEDING,ZEZHUZUOQUANRENGRANGUISHUYUPAISHEZHE(ZUOZHE)。CISHITARENBUNENGZAIWEITUOMUDEFANWEIZHIWAISHIYONGSHEYINGZUOPIN。LIRU,XINHUNFUFUZAIYINGLOUPAISHEXINHUNYISHUZHAO,RUGUOMEIYOUYUYINGLOUYUEDINGYISHUZHAODEZHUZUOQUANGUISHUYUXINHUNFUFU,GAIYISHUZHAODEZHUZUOQUANJIUSHUYUSHEYINGSHI(YINGLOUKETONGGUOYUSHEYINGSHIDEHETONGQUDEZHUZUOQUAN),FUFUERRENZAIHUNLIQINGJIANSHANGYINSHANGYISHUZHAO,SHIXINHUNZHAOPIANDEDANGRANYONGTU,BUZAIXUYAOJINGGUOSHEYINGSHIXUKE。DANYAOJIANGYISHUZHAOJIAOJIMOUHUNJIEWANGZHANZUOXUANCHUANZHIYONG,JIUYINGDANGQUDESHEYINGSHIDEXUKE。YOUYURENXIANGZHAOPIANHAISHEJIBEIPAISHEZHEDEXIAOXIANGQUAN,SHEYINGSHIZAIXIANGYOUSHEYINGZUOPINZHUZUOQUANDEQINGKUANGXIA,YEBUNENGWEIJINGBEIPAISHEZHEDEXUKEJINXINGSHANGYEXINGSHIYONG,FOUZEHUIQINFANBEIPAISHEZHEDEXIAOXIANGQUAN。

  没有进行商业性使用,也可能构成著作权侵权

  NAXIESHIYONGZUOPINXINGWEIXUQUANLIRENXUKE?

  《ZHUZUOQUANFA》WEISHEYINGZUOPINDEQUANLIRENGUIDINGLEYIXILIEQUANLI,BAOKUOFUZHIQUAN、FAXINGQUAN、ZHANLANQUANHEXINXIWANGLUOCHUANBOQUANDENG。ZHEIJIUYIWEIZHETARENDUISHEYINGZUOPINDEFUZHI、FAXING(RUJIANGSHEYINGZUOPINJIJIECHENGCECHUBAN、JIANGTARENSHEYINGZUOPINZUOWEIZHUANGSHIYINZAICHANPINBAOZHUANGSHANGDENG),GONGKAIZHANLANHUOZHIYUWANGLUOZHONGCHUANBO(RUJIANGSHEYINGZUOPINFANGZAIWANGYEZHIZHONGGONGTARENLIULAN、XIAZAI),YUANZESHANGXUYAOJINGGUOSHEYINGZUOPINQUANLIRENDEXUKE,FOUZESHUYUDUISHEYINGZUOPINZHUZUOQUANDEQINQUAN。

  《ZHUZUOQUANFA》YEGUIDINGLEWUXUJINGGUOQUANLIRENXUKE,YEWUXUZHIFUBAOCHOUJIUKESHIYONGZUOPINDEQINGXING,BEICHENGWEI“HELISHIYONG”,BAOKUOWEIGERENXUEXI、YANJIUHUOZHEXINSHANGERSHIYONGZUOPIN,YIJIWEIJIESHAO、PINGLUNMOUYIZUOPINHUOZHESHUOMINGMOUYIWENTIERZAIZUOPINZHONGSHIDANGYINYONGTARENYIJINGFABIAODEZUOPIN。RUJIANGTARENPAISHEDEYIFUFENGJINGSHEYINGFANGDACHONGYINHOUGUAZAIJIAZHONGXINSHANG,SUIRANSHEJIDUISHEYINGZUOPINDEFUZHI,DANBINGBUXUYAOJINGGUOQUANLIRENDEXUKE。ZAIRU,TONGGUOWANGLUOGONGKAIKEJIANGSHOU《ZHUZUOQUANFA》SHI,WEILETAOLUNYIZHANGZHAOPIANSHIFOUSHUYUSHEYINGZUOPIN,XUYAOZAIKEJIANZHONGZHANSHIGAIZHAOPIAN。JISHIGAIZHAOPIANQUESHISHUYUSHEYINGZUOPIN,DUISHEYINGZUOPINDEZHEIZHONGFUZHIHEWANGLUOCHUANBOYESHIHELISHIYONG。




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